Very few people ever give a thought to the winemaking process—some don’t even realize that all wines begin with grapes. The difference in wines is in the type of grapes, the fermentation process, the aging process and even the processing of the grapes. Some wines are aged as long as one hundred years and even more to give it the best flavor, and of course, the older a wine is, the more it will cost because it is a higher quality wine. Although the days of putting grapes in a vat and stomping on them, replaced by high technology modern equipment, the result remains the same.
It’s easy enough to figure out some of the processes—white grapes make white wine, red grapes for red wine, and of course the addition of other fruits to make different flavors such as blackberry wine, strawberry wine, and others. It’s probably not very important for the average person to understand the winemaking process, but it is a rather interesting process to learn. By learning the way wine is processed it’s easier to understand why certain wines have certain qualities that others don’t. It is also easier to understand why some wines have different flavors even though they all of them initially come from grapes.
Another difference that may occur in wine is the difference in the vine from which the grapes are harvested. The harvesting process itself may have an effect on the quality and flavor of the wine thus creating a great many varieties. The way it is fermented and aged will also have an effect on its flavor. There are many factors that come into play during the wine making process to create the many different varieties of wines that are available. Different winemakers may tend to their vineyards differently thus creating a different taste in the same type of wine. For instance, two dry red wines will taste differently because of the fermentation, aging and cultivation process that a particular winemaker uses.
Research different winemakers and you will discover at least slight differences in the way they cultivate their vineyards and the way they ferment, age and process their grapes. All of these things have an effect on the taste and quality of the wine that is produced. That is also, why you can have two wines similar in nature from two different winemakers taste differently.